Pécs is the industrial and cultural capital of the region, with a population over 170.000. From street to street the character of the city changes suddenly: medieval, Turkish, Baroque, early 20th century and vast new housing and shopping developments in bigger-than-life socialist style.
The cultural collisions that created Pécs could not be more succintly illustrated than in the main square, Széchenyi tér. A Turkish mosque stands at one end of the long, canted plaza, a Catholic church at the opposite end. On the mosque's dome a cross surmounts a crescent with ambiguous symbolism.